Lighting is the most integral aspect of making a good video, it makes your video to come out at its best quality.
You cannot make quality video with out or poor lighting, this is the reason why you need to invest into lighting gear that you need. yes, lighting gear that you need in the sense that you do not need to go over board to light your video on any budget.
There are basic techniques that needs attention while choosing to light your video: This are Light set up, Ambience, Light source, Light color, Color temperature.
As you develop your lighting skills, consider the following tips:
1.When shooting in a darkroom, block all source of natural light either reflection through the window or ray of light coming from the door. Use gaffer tape to cover the window, This will enable you to detect light positioning on the scene and hence proper control.
2. Shooting under over head lighting is not always advisable to avoid ‘raccoon eye’ shadowing but if you are shooting some kind of epic or mood video it might serve as some form of effect.
3. If shooting interview, soft flat light is advisable that will evenly chase away all the shadow because harsh light that gives shadow tells a different story.
4. Lighting position must be in front of the camera irrespective of how far or near you intend to place them. do not place your light behind the camera.
5.When using any light always remember that the larger the light source, the softer the light and the softer the light the more evenly the light spread, this is a simple principle
Our camera sees lighting a lot different and there can be only two need for lighting our video works, Is ether the lighting is not enough or the lighting is too much and needs to be reduced. Let begin by learn most applicable lighting method that can be use on any visual works from photography to video production, this is called The 3 point lighting.
The 3 Point Lighting Technique
Like i earlier mention, in any kind of visual creative work or media work that require lighting from photography to film making, The 3 point lighting techniques is extremely versatile and the will chase away any form of shadow produce by the light. As the name implies: 3 point lighting, this techniques can be categories into 3 light formation or triad element which is 1.Key light 2. Fill Light 3. The back light.
The Key Light
Key light is the main light or the light that you position first because the position of the key light will determine where other light will be placed and it mostly the brightest of the light to be use in the 3 point lighting method.This is just a lead light which intensity and how lit determines the control of other light and adjusted to blend with the key light.
The Fill Light
The fill light is set next after the key light, it is the shadow chaser that fill in the shadow, its normally position opposite the key light. For instance if you place your key light at may be 7′ O’clock then your fill light must be at 5 o’clock more like at an angle of say 45 degree for key light to angle 60 or 70 degree for fill light. Position your fill light to work more like a flood light than a spot light and it does not have to compete with key light in term of brightness or intensity, you must adjust it to serve its purpose which is to fill in any shadow.
The Back Light
The back is placed at the back of the subject farther away such that it will separate the subject from the background and it add a feel of depth when the shot is been taken, The back light must not be the same intensity with the key light, you can make it half of the key light. You can add a color to the feel of light by using yellow or orange color light gel to diffuse it to give it a more colorful back light feel.
In a situation where you have less than 3 lighting gear, this is what you will do to still achieve the 3 point lighting: If you have two light, simply use one as the key and the other as either fill or back-light. If you have one light, you left with no choice than to use it as your key light or you endeavor to use your reflector as the key and the other as back-light so that your reflector will bounce back some considerate light reflection back to the subject.